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Study Questions Chapter13 with key26

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Study Questions for English Public Speaking

Chapter 13 Speaking to inform

True-False Questions

1. F

2. T 3. F

4. F

5. T 6. F

7. F

8. T 9. T Your textbook discusses four kinds of informative speeches—speeches about objects, speeches about concepts, speeches about processes, and speeches about events. A lawyer urging a jury to acquit her client is an example of informative speaking. When giving an informative speech that explains a process, you will most likely arrange your main points in chronological order. Informative speeches about processes are usually arranged in chronological order. Informative speeches are seldom organized in topical order. “To inform my audience how to create their own Web pages” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a process. If the specific purpose of your informative speech is to recount the history of an event, you will usually arrange the speech in chronological order. An informative speech about a process that has as many as ten or twelve steps is one of the few times it is acceptable to have more than five main points. Informative speeches about concepts are usually arranged in spatial order.

order.

Clear organization is less important in speeches about processes than in

other kinds of informative speeches.

One of the major barriers to effective informative speaking is

overestimating what the audience knows about the topic.

The more you assume your audience knows about your speech topic, the

greater are your chances of being misunderstood.

When giving an informative speech, you should think about ways to

relate your topic to the audience in the body of the speech as well as in

the introduction.

A public speaker should avoid direct references to the audience in the

body of an informative speech.

One of the biggest barriers to effective informative speaking is using

language that is too simple for the audience.

As your textbook explains, technical language is especially helpful for

explaining ideas in informative speeches.

Abstractions are especially helpful for clarifying ideas in informative

speeches.

Your textbook recommends comparison and contrast as ways to avoid

abstractions in an informative speech.

One reason to use clear and straightforward language even when talking

about complex ideas is that listeners must understand your message in

the time it takes you to say it.

Using jargon in an informative speech is useful since it demonstrates

your expertise on the topic.

Informative speakers should avoid explaining ideas in personal terms.

Personal examples are inappropriate for informative speeches on

technical topics.

Whenever possible, you should try to enliven your informative speeches

by expressing ideas in personal terms. 11. T 12. F 13. F 14. F 15. T 16. T 17. T 18. T 19. F 20. F 21. T 22. T 23. T 24. F

Multiple Choice Questions

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking? a. a student urging an instructor to reconsider the due date for an assignment * b. a student sharing ideas about leadership based on a book she has read c. a student on stage telling jokes during the intermission of a play d. all of the above e. a and b only Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking? a. a teacher praising parents for contributing to the school carnival b. a teacher arguing that phonics is a successful method for teaching reading * c. a teacher explaining the requirements for an assignment d. all of the above e. b and c only Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking? a. an ambassador urging changes in international adoption laws * b. a social worker explaining adoption laws to potential parents c. a scientist convincing colleagues to change their research focus d. all of the above e. b and c only Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking? a. a business manager reporting on next year’s budget b. a pastor urging parishioners to give to a building fund c. a teacher lecturing about methods of speech organization d. all of the above * e. a and c only Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking? a. a lawyer exhorting a jury not to convict her client b. a teacher urging colleagues to adopt a new curriculum * c. a banker explaining how the stock market operates d. all of the above e. a and c only Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking? * a. a doctor explaining how antioxidants affect the body b. a vitamin distributor urging listeners to buy antioxidants c. a scientist arguing that antioxidants have minimal health benefits d. all of the above e. a and c only In an informative speech, the speaker acts as a(n) a. advocate. b. entertainer. * c. teacher.

39.

40.

41. e. evaluator. According to your textbook, the aims of an informative speech include a. communicating the speaker’s information clearly. b. communicating the speaker’s information accurately. c. making the speaker’s information meaningful to the audience. * d. all of the above. e. a and b only. “To inform my audience about the major achievements of Ronald Reagan” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n) * a. object. b. process. c. event. d. concept. e. function. “To inform my audience about the different notions of intellectual property in

eastern and western cultures” is an example of a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

a. object.

b. event.

* c. concept.

d. operation.

e. process.

“To inform my audience about the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II” is an example of a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

* a. event.

b. narrative.

c. condition.

d. concept.

e. function.

“To inform my audience about the major parts of a 35-millimeter camera” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

a. concept.

b. event.

c. process.

* d. object.

e. function.

A is a systematic series of actions that leads to a specific result or product.

a. function

b. project

42. 43. 44.

45.

46.

47.

48. * d. process e. custom “To inform my audience how to make genuine French croissants” is a specific purpose statement for a speech about a(n) a. object. * b. process. c. function. d. event. e. concept. “To inform my audience how to add memory to a computer” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n) a. operation. b. function. c. event. d. concept. * e. process. “To inform my audience about the three stages in a job interview” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n) a. concept. b. object. * c. process. d. function. e. policy. “To inform my audience about the removal of the Cherokee Indians from their

native lands” is an example of a specific purpose statement for a speech about a(n)

a. function.

* b. event.

c. condition.

d. object.

e. concept.

“To inform my audience about the causes of the American Revolution” is a

specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

a. object.

b. function.

c. institution.

d. concept.

* e. event.

“To inform my audience about the history of Halloween observances” is a

specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

49. 50.

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